Copyright is a legal mechanism aimed at protecting the rights of authors and creators in their creative endeavors and productions. Copyright plays a prominent role in stimulating creativity and innovation, as it grants authors the necessary legal rights to exploit their works and protect them from unauthorized use.

A wide range of works and creations can be protected by copyright, including literary works such as novels and poetry, artistic works such as drawings and paintings, and musical works including songs and musical compositions, as well as films, television programs, software, electronic games, and other creative works deserving protection under copyright laws.

In this article, we will discuss the legal definition of copyright protection, which is considered one of the fundamental aspects of intellectual property rights. We will also focus on the assets that must be protected under copyright laws, including literary, artistic, musical, audiovisual works, and others. Additionally, we will delve into the legal mechanisms and concepts related to copyright, highlighting its importance in encouraging creativity and protecting intellectual property, as well as reviewing the regulations and conditions necessary to obtain legal protection for works and creations.


What Is the Copyright Protection?

It is the legal mechanism that grants authors and creators legal rights to their literary and artistic productions and protects them from unauthorized use. Copyright includes several rights such as the right to copy, distribute, publicly display, derive works, perform publicly, and moral rights.

In short, copyrights protection allows authors to control how their works are used and distributed, giving them the ability to exploit their creations financially and protect them from unauthorized or unauthorized use.

The duration of copyright protection is the period during which legal rights are granted to the author or creator to exploit and control their original work. The duration varies from one country to another according to local legal legislation and international agreements. However, there is a general principle that applies in many countries stating that copyright begins as soon as the original work is created and continues for a certain period after the author’s death.

In the United States, for example, the duration of copyright protection depends on several factors, including the date of creation of the work, when it was published, and whether the rights have been extended or not. Generally, the duration extends up to 70 years after the author’s death.

But in Saudi Arabia, the matter is a little bit different and depends on some cases:

  • Copyright protection for a work shall last for the life of the author and for 50 years after his death.
  • The duration of protection for joint works shall be calculated from the date of death of the last surviving author.
  • The protection period for works whose author is a legal person or unknown shall be 50 years from the date of the first publication of the work.
  • If a work consists of several parts or volumes that are published separately or at intervals, each part or volume shall be considered a separate work for the purpose of calculating the protection period.
  • The protection period for audiovisual works, films, collective works, and computer software shall be 50 years from the date of the first presentation or publication of the work, regardless of re-publication.
  • The protection period for applied arts (whether craft or industrial) and photographic works shall be 52 years from the date of publication, and the duration shall commence from the date of the first publication of the work, regardless of re-publication.
  • The protection period for broadcasting organizations shall be 20 years from the date of the first transmission of the programs or materials.
  • The protection period for producers of sound recordings and performers shall be 50 years from the date of performance or the first recording thereof, as the case may be.

It primarily aims to strike a balance between protecting authors and creators and promoting access to culture and knowledge for the general public. These durations evolve over time and change in legislation to accommodate challenges and developments in the modern digital and technological age.

Explore the Power of Copyright Protection

Copyright protects literary, artistic, and various creative works produced by authors and creators. These works include a wide range of categories such as books, articles, novels, poetry, plays, scripts, drawings, paintings, photographs, films, music, software, digital artworks, and even the architectural designs. Copyright protects these works from unauthorized use, giving authors and creators the right to control how their works are used, distributed, and exploited, and sometimes the right to receive financial compensation for such use.

Steps of Copyright Protection in Saudi Arabia

  • Access the Copyright Portal through the Services page on the Saudi Authority for Intellectual Property website.
  • Then select “Register New Request” and fill the necessary details.
  • Attach the work to be registered and submit the request.
  • The request will be reviewed by the authority, and an invoice will be issued.
  • Proceed to make the payment.
  • If the registration request meets the conditions, a payment invoice for registration will be issued.
  • Finally, a registration certificate will be issued.

The Saudi Authority for Intellectual Property adopts an advanced approach in facilitating procedures to protect copyright, encouraging many individuals to take this pivotal step in their creative journey. By providing simplified and efficient systems for copyright registration, the Saudi IP agency enables individuals and institutions to easily and effectively safeguard their creations. Additionally, the authority endeavors to raise awareness of the importance of copyright and promote investment in creativity and innovation within the community.

Conditions for Copyright Protection

The copyright is a legal right granted to the author or owner of the original work, providing legal protection for the created work. For the author to enjoy copyright protection, several conditions must be met, as follows:

  • The work must be original and bear the marks of creativity that distinguish it from other works. 
  • The work must be fixed in a tangible medium that is susceptible to destruction or use, such as writing on paper, recording music, or filming.
  • The work must exhibit originality and creativity without violating the intellectual property rights of others, such as not infringing on copyright or using protected materials without permission. 
  • Some countries may require the work to be registered or marked with copyright notices to obtain full protection. 
  • The right to copyright and use must be continuous for a certain period according to local and international laws. 

These are some of the basic conditions that must be met to protect copyright. These conditions may vary slightly between countries according to local legislation and international agreements.


Exclusions and Exceptions in Copyright Protection

There are several types of works that may be excluded from copyrights protection, and this varies according to the local legislation in each country. Among the works that may be excluded in Saudi Arabia are:

  • Works devoid of creativity: Such as public domain works or works that enter the public domain after the expiration of the copyrights protection period.
  • Works produced by the government: In some countries, works produced by the government may be excluded from copyrights protection and considered part of the public domain.
  • Works owned by the public: Some works may be excluded if they have become part of the public domain due to non-registration or failure to renew under local laws.
  • Works that do not meet protection criteria: In some cases, works that do not meet the criteria of creativity or works that are not eligible for protection may be excluded.

In addition to these, systems, regulations, judicial decisions, and similar materials, as well as ideas, procedures, working methods, mathematical concepts, and mere facts, are generally excluded from copyright protection. Similarly, daily news articles published in newspapers and magazines are often considered excluded.

It’s important to integrate these considerations into the broader framework of copyright protection, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of what constitutes protected works and what falls outside its scope under the relevant legal provisions.

The Main Differences Between Copyright, Patent, and Trade Mark

The most important forms of intellectual property rights include copyright, patents, and trademarks, but there are fundamental differences between them.

Copyright protects literary and artistic works produced by individuals, such as books, films, music, and software, granting the author exclusive rights to use, publish, and distribute their work. 

On the other hand, patents protect technical or artistic inventions and innovations developed by individuals or companies, granting the patent holder exclusive rights to use and commercially exploit the invention for a specified period.

As for trademarks, they are distinctive symbols or marks used by companies to distinguish their products or services from those of other companies in the market. Trademarks reflect the company’s identity, add value to its products, and enjoy legal protection to prevent unauthorized use by others.

In summary, copyright protection focuses on individual creativity, while patents aim to protect technical inventions and innovations, and trademarks focus on distinguishing products and services in the market and building brand identity.

How The Copyright To Maximiz Marketing Impact for Brands?

Copyright plays a fundamental role in marketing strategies and brand building. By creatively and effectively using copyrighted content, companies can enhance the attractiveness of their products and services to customers. For example, copyrighted images, videos, and articles can be used to create engaging content on social media platforms and websites, which helps boost customer interaction and brand awareness. 


Additionally, incorporating copyrighted content into advertising and marketing campaigns can enhance the credibility of the brand and contribute to building a positive image in the minds of the audience. With the advancement of technology and the increasing consumption of digital content, activating copyright in marketing strategies becomes vital for the success of the brand and achieving its competitive edge in the market.

The Berne Convention’s Impact on Copyright Protection

“Berne Convention” is an international agreement aimed at protecting the rights of authors and literary and artistic works, adopted in 1886. The convention is based on three fundamental principles: national treatment, automatic protection, and independence of protection. It includes a set of provisions that define the financial and moral rights of authors, as well as the duration of protection.

Among the financial rights available to authors are: the right of translation, the right of adaptation, the right of public performance, the right of reproduction, and the right of broadcasting. The convention also includes some restrictions and exceptions, such as free use of works in certain specified cases.

The convention also provides facilities for developing countries, such as non-voluntary licenses for educational use. The convention includes an assembly and an executive committee to oversee its implementation. The convention has undergone several amendments and revisions over the years to keep pace with international developments in copyright.

Therefore, the Berne Convention represents an important international legal framework for protecting the rights of authors and works, contributing to the promotion of innovation and creativity in various literary and artistic fields.

In conclusion, 

Copyright protection is an indispensable tool for nurturing creativity and advancing cultural and artistic endeavors. By granting creators exclusive rights to their original works, copyright laws incentivize innovation and contribute to the enrichment of society’s cultural heritage. Throughout history, copyright has played a pivotal role in fostering the creation and dissemination of literature, music, art, and other creative expressions, shaping our collective consciousness and inspiring generations.

However, effectively navigating copyright protection requires a deep understanding of legal principles, registration procedures, and enforcement mechanisms. Whether you’re an author, artist, or content creator, safeguarding your intellectual property is crucial for preserving your creative rights and ensuring fair compensation for your work.

At Baianat IP, we specialize in assisting clients in navigating the complexities of copyright protection with expertise and dedication. Our team of experienced copyright attorneys is committed to providing tailored solutions to protect your creative works and maximize their value. From copyright registration and licensing to enforcement and litigation, we are here to support you every step of the way.

With our commitment to excellence and client satisfaction, Baianat IP firm stands ready to assist you in safeguarding your creative endeavors and securing a brighter future. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you protect your copyrights and achieve your artistic goals.


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