Idea protection agreement
It is now clear that the idea protection of intellectual property until the late eighteenth century was limited to the individual jurisprudence of each country, and it works alone in the matter of intellectual property protection, for example England, France and the United States.
- The first international treaty for the protection of industrial property was issued in Paris, the French capital, on March 20, 1883, AD, and it was followed by it.
- It is now clear that the idea protection of intellectual property until the late eighteenth century was limited to the individual jurisprudence of each country.
- It works alone in the matter of intellectual property protection, for example England, France and the United States. The first international treaty for the idea protection of industrial property was issued in Paris, the French capital, on March 20, 1883, AD.
International treaty for the idea protection
This was followed in 1886 by the issuance of the first international treaty for the idea protection of literary and artistic works in Berne, the Swiss capital. Work on industrial property protection and copyright idea protection was organized after the first international intellectual property office established in 1893 a joint effort and action between the member states of the Paris Treaty (Paris Union) and the countries Parties to the Bonn Convention (Bern Union).
Then the International Bureau moved from Bern to Geneva and became known in 1970 as the World Intellectual Property organization (WIPO), i.e. what is referred to for short as (WIPO), and the international protection of intellectual property is based mainly on what was agreed upon in the two (Paris) treaties. and Berne.
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International Intellectual Property Office
The International Intellectual Property Office was moved from Berne to Geneva in 1960 to be near the European Office of the Unite Nations. Ten years later, the establishment of the World Intellectual Property Organization, known for its acronym WIPO, was announced. In 1974.
- WIPO became a specialized agency in charge of managing intellectual property affairs, and its functions expanded in 1996.
- After it signed the World Trade Organization agreement on aspects related to trade in intellectual property rights, and according to statistics in 1998.
- WIPO’s membership expanded to 169 countries representing 40% of the world’s countries, and until the end of 1998.
WIPO continued to manage one of the Twenty international agreements, two of which are with two international organizations, and works in cooperation with its members and through its secretaries in Geneva to implement a large and diverse program for:
- Harmonization of intellectual property legislation and procedures at the national level.
- Providing services for international applications for industrial property rights.
- Exchange of intellectual property information.
- Providing training and legal and technical assistance to developing countries and others.
- Facilitate decision-making for private parties in intellectual property disputes, through the WIPO Mediation System, to settle international commercial disputes between parties and private parties in the field of intellectual property. These procedures are alternative solutions to court litigation.
- Working on organizing information technology as a tool for preserving and retrieving information and benefiting from its value in the field of intellectual property.
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How to protect a business idea
- Industrial property agreements: a. Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 AD.
- Madrid Convention for the Suppression of False or Misleading Indications on the Origin of Goods.. 891 M.
- Nairobi Convention on the idea Protection of the Olympic Emblem. 1981.
Dr. Washington Convention for the idea Protection of Integrated Circuits.1986.
- Trademark Law Agreements. 1994 AD.
2- Copyright agreements: a. Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.. 1886 AD.
- The 1991 Rome Convention for the idea Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations.
- Geneva Convention on the idea Protection of Producers of Recordings from Illicit Reproduction and Phonograms 1970, which Egypt acceded to.
Dr. Brussels Agreement for the Distribution of Signals Carrying Programs Sent through Industrial Satellites 1974 AD, Morocco has acceded to it.
- The GATT Agreement on April 15, 1994, relating to intellectual property, was signed in Morocco by 118 countries, including 9 Arab countries: Tunisia, Morocco, Djibouti, Mauritania, Egypt, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait and the. WIPO Copyright Agreement: 19934
- WIPO Performance Rights and Phongrams Agreement 1996.
- There are a number of:
The agreements administered by WIPO are relevant to copyright protection and industrial property protection, specifically in the following areas:
- Industrial models.
- Origin and source indications.
The Permanent Legal Committee of the League of Arab States, in its meetings held in 1947 AD, discussed the unification of the laws of Arab countries related to copyright protection. The Council of the League of Arab States approved the draft law prepared by this committee to protect copyright in a decision issued on February 7, 1948. He recommended the Arab countries to issue in their regions matching legislation.
This project includes
59 articles, and according to its first article, it enjoys the idea protection stipulated therein:
“Authors of innovative works in literature, arts and sciences, whatever these works are and regardless of their use or the purpose of classifying them.”
A conference of Arab ministers of culture was held in Baghdad from November 3-5, 1981, where an agreement for the idea protection of copyright was signed and all Arab countries signed it, except for Egypt and Lebanon.
There is no doubt that the development of copyright legislation is a matter of great importance and accuracy, as it is linked to multiple and sometimes conflicting considerations, and legislation must reconcile them. The map of the world began to change in the second half of the last century, causing many countries of the world to gain their independence.
These countries found themselves facing them through development in all fields, so they did not feel that copyright idea protection had the first place in this regard, so that they could see the thought of developed countries easily, smoothly and without restrictions.
All of this necessitated the need for legislative protection of copyright, and given the linkage of legislation to the political, economic, and social conditions of each country, and based on the authors’ need for national legislation to protect their rights, it was natural for Arab countries to pass copyright legislation to create the appropriate climate for the spread of works. Literary, artistic and scientific, so that authors can obtain a fair return from benefiting from their works, so that they can focus their efforts on creativity, and occupy the literary status they deserve, and still more than a third of the developing countries in the world lack legislation to protect copyright.
How to protect your idea when pitching it
Looking at the Arab countries, we find that these countries have concluded the cultural treaty approved by the Council of the League of Arab States on November 27, 1945 AD, and Article 8 of it states: A country in the Arab League. In May 1994, the Council of the League of Arab States approved the constitution of the Arab Organization for Education, Culture and the Toms, and concluded the Charter of Arab Cultural Unity, Article 21 of which states: Every country in the Arab League.
That is, the Arab countries are committed, in accordance with the treaties they have concluded in this regard, and in the Cultural Treaty of 1945 AD and the Charter of Cultural Unity of 1964 AD, to issue copyright laws in their territories. More than half of the countries have issued
Legislation in the field of copyright, and the first law to protect copyright known to the Arab countries was the Ottoman Copyright Law issued in May 1910 AD, which remained in force in Jordan until the issuance of Legislation No. (22) in December 1992 AD, and it remained in force in Iraq until the issuance of the Iraqi Law No. (3) of 1971 AD, and the Iraqi judiciary applied the Ottoman law in some of its provisions. In Morocco, the Moroccan Royal Decree was issued on June 23, 1916, and then the Law for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was issued on July 29, 1970. In Lebanon, French Decree No. 3385 was issued.
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